Among all of the benzodiazepine drugs that are prescribed in order to help people to relax and get to sleep, valium is the most commonly recognized drug. Though there are many types of sedatives in this class of anti-anxiety drug, it is this specific medication that is best known. These drugs are generally taken over the short-term to help people to fall asleep when they are struggling with anxiety issues that are keeping them awake. These medications may be highly effective, but it is very important that they be taken properly in order to ensure their safe use.
One of the advantages of drugs such as valium is that while it acts as a milder form of some of the much stronger on the market, it actually remains within the body for a much shorter period of time than those more powerful drugs. While they remain effective and do still pose the risk of withdrawal symptoms if used for too long, they are much less addictive than some of the alternatives.
Valium is officially known as a sedative-hypnotic drug and works by affecting the Central Nervous System. It depresses the CNS in order to slow the functioning of the brain. The depressant neurotransmitter affected by this drug is gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) which functions by lowering the amount of activity which occurs within the grain. The drug boosts the amount of GABA activity, which then leads the individual to feel more calm or drowsy, which can be very effective for helping that person to fall asleep.
Valium is available only by prescription and can be prescribed at many different doses. In fact, at its highest doses, it can be used as a general anesthetic. This shows that the drug is a powerful one and one that should be taken very seriously.
For the first few days of taking this medication, it is not uncommon to feel uncoordinated, sleepy, klutzy, and downright slow. However, these effects should slowly disappear over time and use of the drug. That said, this drug was not meant to be used over the long-term, as tolerances can form and larger doses will be required in order to ensure the same effects as were previously seen at a lower dose. This can also lead to physical dependencies and withdrawal when the use of the drug is ceased.
For this reason, it is important to take the drug only as the doctor has directed, never to take more of the drug than recommended, and not take this medicine for any longer than prescribed.